World War II Memorial-Arlington Natl.Cemetery-2004


Not Affiliated with the Society of the 3ID

WWII Memorial,
Washington, DC

Pacific Portal

Atlantic Portal

Ramp of States to
Atlantic Portal

Rich Heller at WWII Memorial

Fountain Pool in
Front of Memorial


Street view of Atlantic Portal

Looking toward
Lincoln  Memorial

Looking at Washington Monument from
WWII Memorial

Bronze Plates in wall depicting scenes of WWII

Bronze Plates in wall depicting scenes of WWII

Rich Heller in front of
Illinois Column

Gold Stars memorializing


WWII Registry of Remembrances

The memory of America's World War II generation will be preserved within the physical World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C. & through the World War II Registry of Remembrances.

This is a listing of Americans who contributed to the war effort & any US citizen who helped to win the war, whether a veteran or someone on the home front, is eligible. There is no charge to register your name.

When completed, the list will be available for viewing on the World War II web site.

It will also be available for viewing electronically on the grounds of the Memorial once it is dedicated.

To enroll as a member of America's W.W.II generation in the Registry, visit the web site at:

or call 800-639-4992 & ask for a registration form be mailed to you.

It is suggested that this information be relayed to all Outpost Presidents & Secretary/Treasurers so that this can be further relayed of the Outpost members.

Rock of the Marne,
Jim Tiezzi


Mission Accomplished, Job Well Done
Society Contributes Generously to WWII Monument

At the 1998 national reunion in Colorado Springs, Colorado the society pledged itself to support the fund raising for the World War Two National Memorial. During the banquet, Sergeant at Arms Norman Mac Intyre visited the tables and our first collection was made. Members generously responded with a contribution over $1,000.00.

Following the reunion, Editor Jim Drury included a notice in the Watch on the Rhine informing members that the society endorsed the World War Two National Monument project. Secretary/Treasurer Jack Sneddon through coordination with the American Battle Monuments Commission established a system whereby contributions made by members could be credited to the society. Jack also made it possible for our Annual members to contribute to the fund when paying their dues by including a special entry on the dues notice form.

During the subsequent years Jim Drury routinely included reports in the Watch showing the memorial progress with updates of the amount contributed by the society.The response was amazing, resulting with the society being recognized as the largest contributor among Army Infantry associations.

At the recent dedication of the memorial on the Memorial Day weekend the society stood proud and tall having contributed over $13,000 to the fund. Comments from Robert Patrick, Director, National WWII Memorial follow.

The society reaffirmed one of the basic purposes of the society by remembering everyone who served our nation during WWII. This commitment and support by our members has resulted in a highly successfully task and something of which the society can be proud. Thanks to all who were able to support the project. The World War Two Memorial has been dedicated! Rock of the Marne!! Martin Markley

June 29, 2004
From: Robert Patrick
Director National WWII Memorial Dedication
Dear Mr. Markley:
I am responding to your letter of May 31st, 2004, regarding the total contribution to the National World War II Memorial Campaign by the Society of the Third Infantry Division. Our records reflect a final contribution of $13,549, which ranked first among Army Infantry Division associations. As I am sure you are aware, we have ceased our funding campaign, we are most appreciative of your society's generosity.
Again, thank you for your interest and support.
Bob Patrick, Director
National WWII Memorial Dedication


Washington Monument from Arlington Natl. Cemetery

Preparing Funeral Procession

3rd Division Monument
Click Here for History

1. How many steps does the guard take during his walk across the
tomb of the Unknowns and why?

21 steps. It alludes to the twenty-one gun salute, which is the
highest honor given any military or foreign dignitary.

2. How long does he hesitate after his about face to begin his
return walk and why?

21 seconds for the same reason as answer number 1

The sentinel marches 21 steps across the black mat, past the final resting places of the Unknown Soldiers of World War I, World War II, Korea, and the crypt of the Unknown Soldier of the Vietnam War.

With a crisp turn, the sentinel turns 90 degrees (not about-face) to face east for 21 seconds.

The sentinel then turns a sharp 90 degrees again to face north for 21 seconds. A crisp "shoulder-arms" movement places the rifle on the shoulder nearest the visitors to signify that the sentinel stands between the tomb and any threat.

After the moment, the sentinel paces 21 steps north, turns and repeats the process.


3. Why are his gloves wet?

His gloves are moistened to prevent his losing his grip on the

4. Does he carry his rifle on the same shoulder all the time and if not, why not?

The guard shifts his rifle prior to each 21-step walk to ensure that it is always carried on his outside shoulder, the one away from the Tomb ("to signify that the sentinel stands between the tomb and any threat").


Changing of the Guard
3rd US Infantry Regiment, Old Guard

At the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

Inspecting the Rifle

4. Does he carry his rifle on the same shoulder all the time and if not, why not?

After his march across the path, he executes an about face and moves the rifle to the outside shoulder.

5. How often are the guards changed?

From 1926 through 1937, the Tomb was guarded only during daylight hours. Ever since 1937, the Tomb has been continuously guarded 24 hours a day, every day of the year. Tomb guards are changed every thirty minutes between 8 AM and 7 PM during the period from early Spring to early Autumn (April 1 through September 30), and every hour between 8 AM to 5 PM the rest of the year. At all other times (i.e., while the cemetery is closed), the guard is changed every two hours.


 6. What are the physical traits of the guard limited to?

For a person to apply for guard duty at the tomb, he must be between 5' 10" and 6' 4" tall and his waist size cannot exceed 30." Other requirements of the Guard: Sentinels at the Tomb do not have to commit to serving there for any fixed period of time, and the average tour of duty is only about half the two year period claimed here. Like most servicemen, Tomb guards may live either on-base (at nearby Fort Myer) or off-base in housing of their choosing.

There are no restrictions on guards' off-duty drinking.  They cannot disgrace the uniform {fighting} or the tomb in any way. After two years, the guard is given a wreath pin that is worn on their lapel signifying they served as guard of the tomb. There are only 400 presently worn. The guard must obey these rules for the rest of their lives or give up the wreath pin.

The shoes are specially made with very thick soles to keep the heat and cold from their feet. There are metal heel plates that extend to the top of the shoe in order to make the loud click as they come to a halt. There are no wrinkles, folds or lint on the uniform. Guards dress for duty in front of a full-length mirror.

The shoes are standard issue military dress shoes. They are built up so the sole and heel are equal in height. This allows the Sentinel to stand so that his back is straight and perpendicular to the ground. A side effect of this is that the Sentinel can "roll" on the outside of the build up as he walks down the mat. This allows him to move in a fluid fashion. If he does this correctly, his hat and bayonet will appear to not "bob" up and down with each step. It gives him a more formal and smooth look to his walk, rather than a "marching" appearance.

The soles have a steel tip on the toe and a "horseshoe" steel plate on the heel. This prevents wear on the sole and allows the Sentinel to move smoothly during his movements when he turns to face the Tomb and then back down the mat.

 There are no wrinkles, folds or lint on the uniform. Guards dress for duty in front of a full-length mirror.

Once the sentinel has completed his or her training, he or she is examined formally for proficiency in performing the duties and in knowledge of ANC. He or she must first pass a written examination of 100 questions about ANC and then be evaluated on proficiency in keeping watch at the Tomb of the Unknowns.

Upon successful completion, the soldier is awarded a temporary Tomb Guard's Badge at a ceremony presided over by the company commander. The Badge is one of the Army's higher honors and can be taken away from the soldier if he or she does not continue to maintain the highest military standards.

A Tomb guard's behavior is not so stringently regulated that he is prohibited from speaking to anyone for a full six months (someone seems to have confused the Old Guard with a monastery!), and guards may do whatever they want (including watching TV) during their off-duty hours. But since any soldier wishing to become a sentinel must undergo rigorous training, including several hours a day of marching, rifle drill and uniform preparation, and every tomb sentinel is expected to be completely versed in the history of both the tomb and of Arlington National Cemetery (including knowing how to find the graves of all the prominent person buried in the cemetery), they don't necessarily have a lot of free time to devote to recreational activities.A guard must memorize who they are and where they are interred.

Among the notables are: President Taft, Joe E. Lewis {the boxer} and Medal of Honor winner Audie Murphy, {the most decorated soldier of WWII} of Hollywood fame.

Although serving as President of the United States qualifies one to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery, only two former Presidents are interred there — William Howard Taft and John F. Kennedy

Much of the above information, courtesy of

Changing of the Guard

Group from Galesburg , Illinois
Placing a Wreath



In 2003 as Hurricane Isabelle was approaching Washington, DC, our US Senate/House took 2 days off with anticipation of the storm. On the ABC evening news, it was reported that because of the dangers from the hurricane, the military members assigned the duty of guarding the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier were given permission to suspend the assignment. They respectfully declined the offer, "No way, Sir!" Soaked to the skin, marching in the pelting rain of a tropical storm, they said that guarding the Tomb was not just an assignment, it was the highest honor that can be afforded to a serviceperson. The tomb has been patrolled continuously,
24/7, since 1930.

Monument for Space Shuttle Challenger

Monument for the Marines who Died in 1979
Hostage Rescue Attempt

Monument for Space Shuttle Columbia

John Insani and Rich Heller
in front of
3rd Division Monument

Rich and Roberta Heller, Tourists

John Insani OP 7 and
Rich Heller, Roster Mgr

Rich Heller and John Insani by Audie Murphy's Grave

Amphitheater behind
Tomb of Unknown Soldier

Outside of Washington
Memorial Amphitheater

Audie Murphy's Gravesite

Audie Murphy's Tombstone

Lee Marvin the Actor

President Kennedy and Family's Gravesite

Front of Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

Watching the Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

Peter Lisagor, Journalist and Daniel "Chappie" James the 1st Black General in the USAF

Black Sheep Squadron Aviator

Joe Louis Heavyweight Champion of the World

WWII 3ID MOH Recipient
Wilbur Ross placing Wreath

Presentation of the Colors
3rd Infantry Division Color Guard


Laying Wreaths at the Tomb of the Unknowns


Flags-in Arlington National Cemetery
Donna Lyons
Military Community Examiner

“Cover them over with beautiful flowers,

Deck them with garlands, those brothers of ours,

Lying so silent by night and by day

Sleeping the years of their manhood away.

Give them the meed they have won in the past;

Give them the honors their future forcast;

Give them the chaplets they won in the strife;

Give them the laurels they lost with their life.” ~Will Carleton
In a celebrated mark of respect for Memorial Day each year, Soldiers of the 3rd U.S. Infantry, known as The Old Guard, assemble at Arlington National Cemetery to perform a special task. Just before the Memorial Day weekend, they place American flags, one foot and centered, in front of the gravestones of every service member buried at Arlington Cemetery.

Flags-in, has taken place since 1948 when The Old Guard was appointed as the ceremonial unit for the U.S. Army. During the Memorial Day weekend, members of The Old Guard patrol the cemetery to make sure each gravesite remains decorated and honored with a flag.

God bless our troops past and present. Remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice – all our military service men and women deserve the utmost appreciation and peace as they lay in rest.

Arlington National Cemetery
Memorial Drive or King Drive
Arlington, VA 22211
(703) 607-8000
Free entry
8:00 AM-5:00 PM
8:00 AM-7:00 PM
(703) 607-8000

Continue reading on Flags-in Arlington National Cemetery - National Military Community |


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