Barkley, John L. Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S.
Army, Company K, 4th Infantry, 3d Division. Place and date: Near Cunel, France,
7 October 1918. Entered service at: Blairstown, Mo. Born: 28 August 1895
Blairstown, Mo. G.O. No.: 44, W.D., 1919. Citation: Pfc. Barkley, who was
stationed in an observation post half a kilometer from the German line, on his
own initiative repaired a captured enemy machinegun and mounted it in a disabled
French tank near his post. Shortly afterward, when the enemy launched a
counterattack against our forces, Pfc. Barkley got into the tank, waited under
the hostile barrage until the enemy line was abreast of him and then opened
fire, completely breaking up the counterattack and killing and wounding a large
number of the enemy. Five minutes later an enemy 77-millimeter gun opened fire
on the tank pointblank. One shell struck the drive wheel of the tank, but this
soldier nevertheless remained in the tank and after the barrage ceased broke up
a second enemy counterattack, thereby enabling our forces to gain and hold Hill
Hays, George P. Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army
10th Field Artillery, 3d Division. Place and date: Near Greves Farm, France,
14-15 July 1918. Entered service at: Okarche, Oklahoma. Born: 27 September 1892,
China. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919. Citation: At the very outset of the
unprecedented artillery bombardment by the enemy, his line of communication was
destroyed beyond repair. Despite the hazard attached to the mission of runner,
he immediately set out to establish contact with the neighboring post of command
and further establish liaison with 2 French batteries, visiting their position
so frequently that he was mainly responsible for the accurate fire therefrom.
While thus engaged, 7 horses were shot under him and he was severely wounded.
His activity under most severe fire was an important factor in checking the
advance of the enemy.
World War II
Adams, Lucian Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 30th
Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near St. Die, France, 28 October
1944. Entered service at: Port Arthur, Tex. Birth: Port Arthur, Tex. G.O. No.:
20, 29 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk
of life above and beyond the call of duty on 28 October 1944, near St. Die,
France. When his company was stopped in its effort to drive through the Mortagne
Forest to reopen the supply line to the isolated third battalion, S/Sgt. Adams
braved the concentrated fire of machineguns in a lone assault on a force of
German troops. Although his company had progressed less than 10 yards and had
lost 3 killed and 6 wounded, S/Sgt. Adams charged forward dodging from tree to
tree firing a borrowed BAR from the hip. Despite intense machinegun fire which
the enemy directed at him and rifle grenades which struck the trees over his
head showering him with broken twigs and branches, S/Sgt. Adams made his way to
within 10 yards of the closest machinegun and killed the gunner with a hand
grenade. An enemy soldier threw hand grenades at him from a position only 10
yards distant; however, S/Sgt. Adams dispatched him with a single burst of BAR
fire. Charging into the vortex of the enemy fire, he killed another
machinegunner at 15 yards range with a hand grenade and forced the surrender of
2 supporting infantrymen. Although the remainder of the German group
concentrated the full force of its automatic weapons fire in a desperate effort
to knock him out, he proceeded through the woods to find and exterminate 5 more
of the enemy. Finally, when the third German machinegun opened up on him at a
range of 20 yards, S/Sgt. Adams killed the gunner with BAR fire. In the course
of the action, he personally killed 9 Germans, eliminated 3 enemy machineguns,
vanquished a specialized force which was armed with automatic weapons and
grenade launchers, cleared the woods of hostile elements, and reopened the
severed supply lines to the assault companies of his battalion.
Headstone of Sylvester Antolak in Italian
Antolak, Sylvester Rank and organization:
Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and
date: Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, 24 May 1944. Entered service at: St.
Clairsville, Ohio. Birth: St. Clairsville, Ohio. G.O. No.: 89, 19 October 1945.
Citation: Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, he charged 200 yards over flat,
coverless terrain to destroy an enemy machinegun nest during the second day of
the offensive which broke through the German cordon of steel around the Anzio
beachhead. Fully 30 yards in advance of his squad, he ran into withering enemy
machinegun, machine-pistol and rifle fire. Three times he was struck by bullets
and knocked to the ground, but each time he struggled to his feet to continue
his relentless advance. With one shoulder deeply gashed and his right arm
shattered, he continued to rush directly into the enemy fire concentration with
his submachine gun wedged under his uninjured arm until within 15 yards of the
enemy strong point, where he opened fire at deadly close range, killing 2
Germans and forcing the remaining 10 to surrender. He reorganized his men and,
refusing to seek medical attention so badly needed, chose to lead the way toward
another strong point 100 yards distant. Utterly disregarding the hail of bullets
concentrated upon him, he had stormed ahead nearly three-fourths of the space
between strong points when he was instantly killed by hostile enemy fire.
Inspired by his example, his squad went on to overwhelm the enemy troops. By his
supreme sacrifice, superb fighting courage, and heroic devotion to the attack,
Sgt. Antolak was directly responsible for eliminating 20 Germans, capturing an
enemy machinegun, and clearing the path for his company to advance.
Bender, Stanley Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army,
Company E, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near La Lande,
France, 17 August 1944. Entered service at: Chicago, 111. Born: 31 October 1909,
Carlisle, W. Va. G.O. No.: 7, 1 February 1945. Citation: For conspicuous
gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On
17 August 1944, near La Lande, France, he climbed on top of a knocked-out tank,
in the face of withering machinegun fire which had halted the advance of his
company, in an effort to locate the source of this fire. Although bullets
ricocheted off the turret at his feet, he nevertheless remained standing upright
in full view of the enemy for over 2 minutes. Locating the enemy machineguns on
a knoll 200 yards away, he ordered 2 squads to cover him and led his men down an
irrigation ditch, running a gauntlet of intense machinegun fire, which
completely blanketed 50 yards of his advance and wounded 4 of his men. While the
Germans hurled hand grenades at the ditch, he stood his ground until his squad
caught up with him, then advanced alone, in a wide flanking approach, to the
rear of the knoll. He walked deliberately a distance of 40 yards, without cover,
in full view of the Germans and under a hail of both enemy and friendly fire, to
the first machinegun and knocked it out with a single short burst. Then he made
his way through the strong point, despite bursting hand grenades, toward the
second machinegun, 25 yards distant, whose 2-man crew swung the machinegun
around and fired two bursts at him, but he walked calmly through the fire and,
reaching the edge of the emplacement, dispatched the crew. Signaling his men to
rush the rifle pits, he then walked 35 yards further to kill an enemy rifleman
and returned to lead his squad in the destruction of the 8 remaining Germans in
the strong point. His audacity so inspired the remainder of the assault company
that the men charged out of their positions, shouting and yelling, to overpower
the enemy roadblock and sweep into town, knocking out 2 antitank guns, killing
37 Germans and capturing 26 others. He had sparked and led the assault company
in an attack which overwhelmed the enemy, destroying a roadblock, taking a town,
seizing intact 3 bridges over the Maravenne River, and capturing commanding
terrain which dominated the area.
Britt, Maurice L. Rank and
organization: Captain (then Lieutenant), U.S. Army, 3d Infantry Division. Place
and date: North of Mignano, Italy, 10 November 1943. Entered service at: Lonoke,
Ark. Born: 29 June 1919, Carlisle, Ark. G.O. No.: 23, 24 March 1944. Citation:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and
beyond the call of duty. Disdaining enemy hand grenades and close-range machine
pistol, machinegun, and rifle, Lt. Britt inspired and led a handful of his men
in repelling a bitter counterattack by approximately 100 Germans against his
company positions north of Mignano, Italy, the morning of 10 November 1943.
During the intense fire fight, Lt. Britt's canteen and field glasses were
shattered; a bullet pierced his side; his chest, face, and hands were covered
with grenade wounds. Despite his wounds, for which he refused to accept medical
attention until ordered to do so by his battalion commander following the
battle, he personally killed 5 and wounded an unknown number of Germans, wiped
out one enemy machinegun crew, fired 5 clips of carbine and an undetermined
amount of Ml rifle ammunition, and threw 32 fragmentation grenades. His bold,
aggressive actions, utterly disregarding superior enemy numbers, resulted in
capture of 4 Germans, 2 of them wounded, and enabled several captured Americans
to escape. Lt. Britt's undaunted courage and prowess in arms were largely
responsible for repulsing a German counterattack which, if successful, would
have isolated his battalion and destroyed his company.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry
Division. Place and date: Nuremberg, Germany, 17 April 1945. Entered service at:
Jersey City, N.J. Born: 29 September 1918, New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 4, 9 January
1946. Citation: He fought with extreme gallantry in the streets of war-torn
Nuremberg, Germany, where the 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry, was engaged in
rooting out fanatical defenders of the citadel of Nazism. As battalion
transportation officer he had gone forward to select a motor-pool site, when, in
a desire to perform more than his assigned duties and participate in the fight,
he advanced beyond the lines of the forward riflemen. Detecting a group of about
10 Germans making preparations for a local counterattack, he rushed back to a
nearby American company, secured a light machinegun with ammunition, and
daringly opened fire on this superior force, which deployed and returned his
fire with machine pistols, rifles, and rocket launchers. From another angle a
German machinegun tried to blast him from his emplacement, but 1st Lt. Burke
killed this guncrew and drove off the survivors of the unit he had originally
attacked. Giving his next attention to enemy infantrymen in ruined buildings, he
picked up a rifle dashed more than 100 yards through intense fire and engaged
the Germans from behind an abandoned tank. A sniper nearly hit him from a cellar
only 20 yards away, but he dispatched this adversary by running directly to the
basement window, firing a full clip into it and then plunging through the
darkened aperture to complete the job. He withdrew from the fight only long
enough to replace his jammed rifle and secure grenades, then re-engaged the
Germans. Finding his shots ineffective, he pulled the pins from 2 grenades, and,
holding 1 in each hand, rushed the enemy-held building, hurling his missiles
just as the enemy threw a potato masher grenade at him. In the triple explosion
the Germans were wiped out and 1st Lt. Burke was dazed; but he emerged from the
shower of debris that engulfed him, recovered his rifle, and went on to kill 3
more Germans and meet the charge of a machine pistolman, whom he cut down with 3
calmly delivered shots. He then retired toward the American lines and there
assisted a platoon in a raging, 30-minute fight against formidable armed hostile
forces. This enemy group was repulsed, and the intrepid fighter moved to another
friendly group which broke the power of a German unit armed with a 20-mm. gun in
a fierce fire fight. In 4 hours of heroic action, 1st Lt. Burke single-handedly
killed 11 and wounded 3 enemy soldiers and took a leading role in engagements in
which an additional 29 enemy were killed or wounded. His extraordinary bravery
and superb fighting skill were an inspiration to his comrades, and his entirely
voluntary mission into extremely dangerous territory hastened the fall of
Nuremberg, in his battalion's sector.
Choate, Clyde L.
Christian, Herbert Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army,
15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Valmontone, Italy, 2-3
June 1944. Entered service at: Steubenville, Ohio. Birth: Byersville, Ohio. G.O.
No.: 43, 30 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at
risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 2-3 June 1944, at 1 a.m.,
Pvt. Christian elected to sacrifice his life in order that his comrades might
extricate themselves from an ambush. Braving massed fire of about 60 riflemen, 3
machineguns, and 3 tanks from positions only 30 yards distant, he stood erect
and signaled to the patrol to withdraw. The whole area was brightly illuminated
by enemy flares. Although his right leg was severed above the knee by cannon
fire, Pvt. Christian advanced on his left knee and the bloody stump of his right
thigh, firing his submachinegun. Despite excruciating pain, Pvt. Christian
continued on his self-assigned mission. He succeeded in distracting the enemy
and enabled his 12 comrades to escape. He killed 3 enemy soldiers almost at
once. Leaving a trail of blood behind him, he made his way forward 20 yards,
halted at a point within 10 yards of the enemy, and despite intense fire killed
a machine-pistol man. Reloading his weapon, he fired directly into the enemy
position. The enemy appeared enraged at the success of his ruse, concentrated
20-mm. machinegun, machine-pistol and rifle fire on him, yet he refused to seek
cover. Maintaining his erect position, Pvt. Christian fired his weapon to the
very last. Just as he emptied his submachinegun, the enemy bullets found their
mark and Pvt. Christian slumped forward dead. The courage and spirit of
self-sacrifice displayed by this soldier were an inspiration to his comrades and
are in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.
Connor, James P. Rank and organization: Sergeant,
U.S. Army, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Cape Cavalaire,
southern France, 15 August 1944. Entered service at: Wilmington, Del. Birth:
Wilmington, Del. G.O. No.: 18, 15 March 1945. Citation: For conspicuous
gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On
15 August 1944, Sgt. Connor, through sheer grit and determination, led his
platoon in clearing an enemy vastly superior in numbers and firepower from
strongly entrenched positions on Cape Cavalaire, removing a grave enemy threat
to his division during the amphibious landing in southern France, and thereby
insured safe and uninterrupted landings for the huge volume of men and materiel
which followed. His battle patrol landed on "Red Beach" with the mission of
destroying the strongly fortified enemy positions on Cape Cavalaire with utmost
speed. From the peninsula the enemy had commanding observation and seriously
menaced the vast landing operations taking place. Though knocked down and
seriously wounded in the neck by a hanging mine which killed his platoon
lieutenant, Sgt. Connor refused medical aid and with his driving spirit
practically carried the platoon across several thousand yards of mine-saturated
beach through intense fire from mortars, 20-mm. flak guns, machineguns, and
snipers. En route to the Cape he personally shot and killed 2 snipers. The
platoon sergeant was killed and Sgt. Connor became platoon leader. Receiving a
second wound, which lacerated his shoulder and back, he again refused
evacuation, expressing determination to carry on until physically unable to
continue. He reassured and prodded the hesitating men of his decimated platoon
forward through almost impregnable mortar concentrations. Again emphasizing the
prevalent urgency of their mission, he impelled his men toward a group of
buildings honeycombed with enemy snipers and machineguns. Here he received his
third grave wound, this time in the leg, felling him in his tracks. Still
resolved to carry on, he relinquished command only after his attempts proved
that it was physically impossible to stand. Nevertheless, from his prone
position, he gave the orders and directed his men in assaulting the enemy.
Infused with Sgt. Connor's dogged determination, the platoon, though reduced to
less than one-third of its original 36 men, outflanked and rushed the enemy with
such furiousness that they killed 7, captured 40, seized 3 machineguns and
considerable other materiel, and took all their assigned objectives,
successfully completing their mission. By his repeated examples of tenaciousness
and indomitable spirit Sgt Connor transmitted his heroism to his men until they
became a fighting team which could not be stopped.
Craig, Robert Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army,
15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Favoratta, Sicily, 11
July 1943. Entered service at: Toledo, Ohio. Birth: Scotland. G.O. No.: 41, 26
May 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of
life, above and beyond the call of duty, on 11 July 1943 at Favoratta, Sicily.
2d Lt. Craig voluntarily undertook the perilous task of locating and destroying
a hidden enemy machinegun which had halted the advance of his company. Attempts
by 3 other officers to locate the weapon had resulted in failure, with each
officer receiving wounds. 2d Lt. Craig located the gun and snaked his way to a
point within 35 yards of the hostile position before being discovered. Charging
headlong into the furious automatic fire, he reached the gun, stood over it, and
killed the 3 crew members with his carbine. With this obstacle removed, his
company continued its advance. Shortly thereafter while advancing down the
forward slope of a ridge, 2d Lt. Craig and his platoon, in a position devoid of
cover and concealment, encountered the fire of approximately 100 enemy soldiers.
Electing to sacrifice himself so that his platoon might carry on the battle, he
ordered his men to withdraw to the cover of the crest while he drew the enemy
fire to himself. With no hope of survival, he charged toward the enemy until he
was within 25 yards of them. Assuming a kneeling position, he killed 5 and
wounded 3 enemy soldiers. While the hostile force concentrated fire on him, his
platoon reached the cover of the crest. 2d Lt. Craig was killed by enemy fire,
but his intrepid action so inspired his men that they drove the enemy from the
area, inflicting heavy casualties on the hostile force.
Daly, Michael J.
Rank and organization: Captain (then Lieutenant), U.S. Army, Company A, 15th
Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Nuremberg, Germany, 18 April
1945. Entered service at: Southport, Conn. Born: 15 September 1924, New York,
N.Y. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: Early in the morning of 18 April
1945, he led his company through the shell-battered, sniper-infested wreckage of
Nuremberg, Germany. When bl1stering machinegun fire caught his unit in an
exposed position, he ordered his men to take cover, dashed forward alone, and,
as bullets whined about him, shot the 3-man guncrew with his carbine. Continuing
the advance at the head of his company, he located an enemy patrol armed with
rocket launchers which threatened friendly armor. He again went forward alone,
secured a vantage point and opened fire on the Germans. Immediately he became
the target for concentrated machine pistol and rocket fire, which blasted the
rubble about him. Calmly, he continued to shoot at the patrol until he had
killed all 6 enemy infantrymen. Continuing boldly far in front of his company,
he entered a park, where as his men advanced, a German machinegun opened up on
them without warning. With his carbine, he killed the gunner; and then, from a
completely exposed position, he directed machinegun fire on the remainder of the
crew until all were dead. In a final duel, he wiped out a third machinegun
emplacement with rifle fire at a range of 10 yards. By fearlessly engaging in 4
single-handed fire fights with a desperate, powerfully armed enemy, Lt. Daly,
voluntarily taking all major risks himself and protecting his men at every
opportunity, killed 15 Germans, silenced 3 enemy machineguns and wiped out an
entire enemy patrol. His heroism during the lone bitter struggle with fanatical
enemy forces was an inspiration to the valiant Americans who took Nuremberg.
Davila, Rudolph B. Staff Sergeant Rudolph B. Davila distinguished
himself by extraordinary heroism in action, on 28 May 1944, near Artena, Italy.
During the offensive which broke through the German mountain strongholds
surrounding the Anzio beachhead, Staff Sergeant Davila risked death to provide
heavy weapons support for a beleaguered rifle company. Caught on an exposed
hillside by heavy, grazing fire from a well-entrenched German force, his machine
gunners were reluctant to risk putting their guns into action. Crawling fifty
yards to the nearest machine gun, Staff Sergeant Davila set it up alone and
opened fire on the enemy. In order to observe the effect of his fire, Sergeant
Davila fired from the kneeling position, ignoring the enemy fire that struck the
tripod and passed between his legs. Ordering a gunner to take over, he crawled
forward to a vantage point and directed the firefight with hand and arm signals
until both hostile machine guns were silenced. Bringing his three remaining
machine guns into action, he drove the enemy to a reserve position two hundred
yards to the rear. When he received a painful wound in the leg, he dashed to a
burned tank and, despite the crash of bullets on the hull, engaged a second
enemy force from the tanks turret. Dismounting, he advanced 130 yards in short
rushes, crawled 20 yards and charged into an enemy-held house to eliminate the
defending force of five with a hand grenade and rifle fire. Climbing to the
attic, he straddled a large shell hole in the wall and opened fire on the enemy.
Although the walls of the house were crumbling, he continued to fire until he
had destroyed two more machine guns. His intrepid actions brought desperately
needed heavy weapons support to a hard-pressed rifle company and silenced four
machine gunners, which forced the enemy to abandon their prepared positions.
Staff Sergeant Davilas extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping
with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him,
his unit, and the United States Army.
Dunham, Russell E. Rank
and organization: Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 30th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kayserberg, France, 8 January 1945.
Entered service at: Brighton Ill. Born: 23 February 1920, East Carondelet, Ill.
G.O. No.: 37, 11 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity
at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. At about 1430 hours on 8
January 1945, during an attack on Hill 616, near Kayserberg, France, T/Sgt.
Dunham single-handedly assaulted 3 enemy machineguns. Wearing a white robe made
of a mattress cover, carrying 12 carbine magazines and with a dozen hand
grenades snagged in his belt, suspenders, and buttonholes, T/Sgt. Dunham
advanced in the attack up a snow-covered hill under fire from 2 machineguns and
supporting riflemen. His platoon 35 yards behind him, T/Sgt. Dunham crawled 75
yards under heavy direct fire toward the timbered emplacement shielding the left
machinegun. As he jumped to his feet 10 yards from the gun and charged forward,
machinegun fire tore through his camouflage robe and a rifle bullet seared a
10-inch gash across his back sending him spinning 15 yards down hill into the
snow. When the indomitable sergeant sprang to his feet to renew his 1-man
assault, a German egg grenade landed beside him. He kicked it aside, and as it
exploded 5 yards away, shot and killed the German machinegunner and assistant
gunner. His carbine empty, he jumped into the emplacement and hauled out the
third member of the gun crew by the collar. Although his back wound was causing
him excruciating pain and blood was seeping through his white coat, T/Sgt.
Dunham proceeded 50 yards through a storm of automatic and rifle fire to attack
the second machinegun. Twenty-five yards from the emplacement he hurled 2
grenades, destroying the gun and its crew; then fired down into the supporting
foxholes with his carbine dispatching and dispersing the enemy riflemen.
Although his coat was so thoroughly blood-soaked that he was a conspicuous
target against the white landscape, T/Sgt. Dunham again advanced ahead of his
platoon in an assault on enemy positions farther up the hill. Coming under
machinegun fire from 65 yards to his front, while rifle grenades exploded 10
yards from his position, he hit the ground and crawled forward. At 15 yards
range, he jumped to his feet, staggered a few paces toward the timbered
machinegun emplacement and killed the crew with hand grenades. An enemy rifleman
fired at pointblank range, but missed him. After killing the rifleman, T/Sgt.
Dunham drove others from their foxholes with grenades and carbine fire. Killing
9 Germans--wounding 7 and capturing 2--firing about 175 rounds of carbine
ammunition, and expending 11 grenades, T/Sgt. Dunham, despite a painful wound,
spearheaded a spectacular and successful diversionary attack.
Dutko, John W. Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S.
Army, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Ponte Rotto, Italy, 23 May
1944. Entered service at: Riverside, N.J. Birth: Dilltown, Pa. G.O. No.: 80, 5
October 1944. citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of
life above and beyond the call of duty, on 23 May 1944, near Ponte Rotto, Italy.
Pfc. Dutko left the cover of an abandoned enemy trench at the height of an
artillery concentration in a single-handed attack upon 3 machineguns and an
88mm. mobile gun. Despite the intense fire of these 4 weapons which were aimed
directly at him, Pfc. Dutko ran 10.0 yards through the impact area, paused
momentarily in a shell crater, and then continued his l-man assault. Although
machinegun bullets kicked up the dirt at his heels, and 88mm. shells exploded
within 30 yards of him, Pfc. Dutko nevertheless made his way to a point within
30 yards of the first enemy machinegun and killed both gunners with a hand
grenade. Although the second machinegun wounded him, knocking him to the ground,
Pfc. Dutko regained his feet and advanced on the 88mm. gun, firing his Browning
automatic rifle from the hip. When he came within 10 yards of this weapon he
killed its 5-man crew with 1 long burst of fire. Wheeling on the machinegun
which had wounded him, Pfc. Dutko killed the gunner and his assistant. The third
German machinegun fired on Pfc. Dutko from a position 20 yards distant wounding
him a second time as he proceeded toward the enemy weapon in a half run. He
killed both members of its crew with a single burst from his Browning automatic
rifle, continued toward the gun and died, his body falling across the dead
Gibson, Eric G.
organization. Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, 3d Infantry Division. Place and
date: Near Isola Bella, Italy, 28 January 1944. Entered service at: Chicago,
Ill. Birth: Nysund, Sweden. G.O. No.: 74, 11 September 1944. Citation: For
conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call
of duty. On 28 January 1944, near Isola Bella, Italy, Tech. 5th Grade Gibson,
company cook, led a squad of replacements through their initial baptism of fire,
destroyed four enemy positions, killed 5 and captured 2 German soldiers, and
secured the left flank of his company during an attack on a strongpoint. Placing
himself 50 yards in front of his new men, Gibson advanced down the wide stream
ditch known as the Fossa Femminamorta, keeping pace with the advance of his
company. An enemy soldier allowed Tech. 5th Grade Gibson to come within 20 yards
of his concealed position and then opened fire on him with a machine pistol.
Despite the stream of automatic fire which barely missed him, Gibson charged the
position, firing his submachine gun every few steps. Reaching the position,
Gibson fired pointblank at his opponent, killing him. An artillery concentration
fell in and around the ditch; the concussion from one shell knocked him flat. As
he got to his feet Gibson was fired on by two soldiers armed with a machine
pistol and a rifle from a position only 75 yards distant. Gibson immediately
raced toward the foe. Halfway to the position a machinegun opened fire on him.
Bullets came within inches of his body, yet Gibson never paused in his forward
movement. He killed one and captured the other soldier. Shortly after, when he
was fired upon by a heavy machinegun 200 yards down the ditch, Gibson crawled
back to his squad and ordered it to lay down a base of fire while he flanked the
emplacement. Despite all warning, Gibson crawled 125 yards through an artillery
concentration and the cross fire of 2 machineguns which showered dirt over his
body, threw 2 hand grenades into the emplacement and charged it with his
submachine gun, killing 2 of the enemy and capturing a third. Before leading his
men around a bend in the stream ditch, Gibson went forward alone to reconnoiter.
Hearing an exchange of machine pistol and submachine gun fire, Gibson's squad
went forward to find that its leader had run 35 yards toward an outpost, killed
the machine pistol man, and had himself been killed while firing at the Germans.
Harris, James L.
Hawks, Lloyd C. Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S.
Army, Medical Detachment, 30th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date:
Near Carano, Italy, 30 January 1944. Entered service at: Park Rapids, Minn.
Born: 13 January 1911, Becker, Minn. G.O. No.: 5, 15 January 1945. Citation: For
gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On
30 January 1944, at 3 p.m., near Carano, Italy, Pfc. Hawks braved an enemy
counterattack in order to rescue 2 wounded men who, unable to move, were Lying
in an exposed position within 30 yards of the enemy. Two riflemen, attempting
the rescue, had been forced to return to their fighting holes by extremely
severe enemy machinegun fire, after crawling only 10 yards toward the
casualties. An aid man, whom the enemy could plainly identify as such, had been
critically wounded in a similar attempt. Pfc. Hawks, nevertheless, crawled 50
yards through a veritable hail of machinegun bullets and flying mortar fragments
to a small ditch, administered first aid to his fellow aid man who had sought
cover therein, and continued toward the 2 wounded men 50 yards distant. An enemy
machinegun bullet penetrated his helmet, knocking it from his head, momentarily
stunning him. Thirteen bullets passed through his helmet as it lay on the ground
within 6 inches of his body. Pfc. Hawks, crawled to the casualties, administered
first aid to the more seriously wounded man and dragged him to a covered
position 25 yards distant. Despite continuous automatic fire from positions only
30 yards away and shells which exploded within 25 yards, Pfc. Hawks returned to
the second man and administered first aid to him. As he raised himself to obtain
bandages from his medical kit his right hip was shattered by a burst of
machinegun fire and a second burst splintered his left forearm. Displaying
dogged determination and extreme self-control, Pfc. Hawks, despite severe pain
and his dangling left arm, completed the task of bandaging the remaining
casualty and with superhuman effort dragged him to the same depression to which
he had brought the first man. Finding insufficient cover for 3 men at this
point, Pfc. Hawks crawled 75 yards in an effort to regain his company, reaching
the ditch in which his fellow aid man was lying.
Johnson, Elden H.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division.
Place and date: Near Valmontone, Italy, 3 June 1944. Entered service at: East
Weymouth, Mass. Birth: Bivalue, N.J. G.O. No.: 38, 16 May 1945. Citation: For
conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call
of duty. Pvt. Johnson elected to sacrifice his life in order that his comrades
might extricate themselves from an ambush. Braving the massed fire of about 60
riflemen, 3 machineguns, and 3 tanks from positions only 25 yards distant, he
stood erect and signaled his patrol leader to withdraw. The whole area was
brightly illuminated by enemy flares. Then, despite 20mm. machineguns, machine
pistol, and rifle fire directed at him, Pvt. Johnson advanced beyond the enemy
in a slow deliberate walk. Firing his automatic rifle from the hip, he succeeded
in distracting the enemy and enabled his 12 comrades to escape. Advancing to
within 5 yards of a machinegun, emptying his weapon, Pvt. Johnson killed its
crew. Standing in full view of the enemy he reloaded and turned on the riflemen
to the left, firing directly into their positions. He either killed or wounded 4
of them. A burst of machinegun fire tore into Pvt. Johnson and he dropped to his
knees. Fighting to the very last, he steadied himself on his knees and sent a
final burst of fire crashing into another German. With that he slumped forward
dead. Pvt. Johnson had willingly given his life in order that his comrades might
live. These acts on the part of Pvt. Johnson were an inspiration to the entire
command and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.
Kandle, Victor L. Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army,
15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near La Forge, France, 9
October 1944. Entered service at: Redwood City, Calif. Birth: Roy, Wash. G.O.
No.: 37, 11 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at
risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. On 9 October 1944, at about
noon, near La Forge, France, 1st Lt. Kandle, while leading a reconnaissance
patrol into enemy territory, engaged in a duel at pointblank range with a German
field officer and killed him. Having already taken 5 enemy prisoners that
morning, he led a skeleton platoon of 16 men, reinforced with a light machinegun
squad, through fog and over precipitous mountain terrain to fall on the rear of
a German quarry stronghold which had checked the advance of an infantry
battalion for 2 days. Rushing forward, several yards ahead of his assault
elements, 1st Lt. Kandle fought his way into the heart of the enemy strongpoint,
and, by his boldness and audacity, forced the Germans to surrender. Harassed by
machinegun fire from a position which he had bypassed in the dense fog, he moved
to within 15 yards of the enemy, killed a German machinegunner with accurate
rifle fire and led his men in the destruction of another machinegun crew and its
rifle security elements. Finally, he led his small force against a fortified
house held by 2 German officers and 30 enlisted men. After establishing a base
of fire, he rushed forward alone through an open clearing in full view of the
enemy, smashed through a barricaded door, and forced all 32 Germans to
surrender. His intrepidity and bold leadership resulted in the capture or
killing of 3 enemy officers and 54 enlisted men, the destruction of 3 enemy
strongpoints, and the seizure of enemy positions which had halted a battalion
Kelfurt, Gus Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant,
U.S. Army, Company K, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near
Bennwihr, France, 23-24 December 1944. Entered service at: Youngstown, Ohio.
Birth: Greenville, Pa. Citation: He distinguished himself by conspicuous
gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty on 23 and 24
December 1944, near Bennwihr, France. Early in the attack S/Sgt. Kefurt jumped
through an opening in a wall to be confronted by about 15 Germans. Although
outnumbered he opened fire, killing 10 and capturing the others. During a seesaw
battle which developed he effectively adjusted artillery fire on an enemy tank
close to his position although exposed to small arms fire. When night fell he
maintained a 3-man outpost in the center of the town in the middle of the German
positions and successfully fought off several hostile patrols attempting to
penetrate our lines. Assuming command of his platoon the following morning he
led it in hand-to-hand fighting through the town until blocked by a tank. Using
rifle grenades he forced surrender of its crew and some supporting infantry. He
then continued his attack from house to house against heavy machinegun and rifle
fire. Advancing against a strongpoint that was holding up the company, his
platoon was subjected to a strong counterattack and infiltration to its rear.
Suffering heavy casualties in their exposed position the men remained there due
to S/Sgt. Kefurt's personal example of bravery, determination and leadership. He
constantly exposed himself to fire by going from man to man to direct fire.
During this time he killed approximately 15 of the enemy at close range.
Although severely wounded in the leg he refused first aid and immediately
resumed fighting. When the forces to his rear were pushed back 3 hours later, he
refused to be evacuated, but, during several more counterattacks moved painfully
about under intense small arms and mortar fire, stiffening the resistance of his
platoon by encouraging individual men and by his own fire until he was killed.
As a result of S/Sgt. Kefurt's gallantry the position was maintained.
Kessler, Patrick L. Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S.
Army, Company K, 30th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Ponte
Rotto, Italy, 23 May 1944. Entered service at: Middletown, Ohio. Birth:
Middletown, Ohio. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous
gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty.
Pfc. Kessler, acting without orders, raced 50 yards through a hail of machinegun
fire, which had killed 5 of his comrades and halted the advance of his company,
in order to form an assault group to destroy the machinegun. Ordering 3 men to
act as a base of fire, he left the cover of a ditch and snaked his way to a
point within 50 yards of the enemy machinegun before he was discovered,
whereupon he plunged headlong into the furious chain of automatic fire. Reaching
a spot within 6 feet of the emplacement he stood over it and killed both the
gunner and his assistant, jumped into the gun position, overpowered and captured
a third German after a short struggle. The remaining member of the crew escaped,
but Pfc. Kessler wounded him as he ran. While taking his prisoner to the rear,
this soldier saw 2 of his comrades killed as they assaulted an enemy
strongpoint, fire from which had already killed 10 men in the company. Turning
his prisoner over to another man, Pfc. Kessler crawled 35 yards to the side of 1
of the casualties, relieved him of his BAR and ammunition and continued on
toward the strongpoint, 125 yards distant. Although 2 machineguns concentrated
their fire directly on him and shells exploded within 10 yards, bowling him
over, Pfc. Kessler crawled 75 yards, passing through an antipersonnel minefield
to a point within 50 yards of the enemy and engaged the machineguns in a duel.
When an artillery shell burst within a few feet of him, he left the cover of a
ditch and advanced upon the position in a slow walk, firing his BAR from the
hip. Although the enemy poured heavy machinegun and small arms fire at him, Pfc.
Kessler succeeded in reaching the edge of their position, killed the gunners,
and captured 13 Germans. Then, despite continuous shelling, he started to the
rear. After going 25 yards, Pfc. Kessler was fired upon by 2 snipers only 100
yards away. Several of his prisoners took advantage of this opportunity and
attempted to escape; however, Pfc. Kessler hit the ground, fired on either flank
of his prisoners, forcing them to cover, and then engaged the 2 snipers in a
fire fight, and captured them. With this last threat removed, Company K
continued its advance, capturing its objective without further opposition. Pfc.
Kessler was killed in a subsequent action.
Knappenberger, Alton W.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, 3d Infantry Division.
Place and date: Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, 1 February 1944. Entered
service at: Spring Mount, Pa. Birth: Cooperstown, Pa. G.O. No.: 41, 26 May 1944.
Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life
above and beyond the call of duty in action involving actual conflict with the
enemy, on 1 February 1944 near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy. When a heavy German
counterattack was launched against his battalion, Pfc. Knappenberger crawled to
an exposed knoll and went into position with his automatic rifle. An enemy
machinegun 85 yards away opened fire, and bullets struck within 6 inches of him.
Rising to a kneeling position, Pfc. Knappenberger opened fire on the hostile
crew, knocked out the gun, killed 2 members of the crew, and wounded the third.
While he fired at this hostile position, 2 Germans crawled to a point within 20
yards of the knoll and threw potato-masher grenades at him, but Pfc.
Knappenberger killed them both with 1 burst from his automatic rifle. Later, a
second machinegun opened fire upon his exposed position from a distance of 100
yards, and this weapon also was silenced by his well-aimed shots. Shortly
thereafter, an enemy 20mm. antiaircraft gun directed fire at him, and again Pfc.
Knappenberger returned fire to wound 1 member of the hostile crew. Under tank
and artillery shellfire, with shells bursting within 15 yards of him, he held
his precarious position and fired at all enemy infantrymen armed with machine
pistols and machineguns which he could locate. When his ammunition supply became
exhausted, he crawled 15 yards forward through steady machinegun fire, removed
rifle clips from the belt of a casualty, returned to his position and resumed
firing to repel an assaulting German platoon armed with automatic weapons.
Finally, his ammunition supply being completely exhausted, he rejoined his
company. Pfc. Knappenberger's intrepid action disrupted the enemy attack for
over 2 hours.
Lindstrom, Floyd K. Rank and organization:
Private First Class, U.S. Army, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near
Mignano, Italy, 11 November 1943. Entered service at: Colorado Springs, Colo.
Birth: Holdredge, Nebr. G.O. No.: 32, 20 April 1944. Citation: For conspicuous
gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On
11 November 1943, this soldier's platoon was furnishing machinegun support for a
rifle company attacking a hill near Mignano, Italy, when the enemy
counterattacked, forcing the riflemen and half the machinegun platoon to retire
to a defensive position. Pfc. Lindstrom saw that his small section was alone and
outnumbered 5 to 1, yet he immediately deployed the few remaining men into
position and opened fire with his single gun. The enemy centered fire on him
with machinegun, machine pistols, and grenades. Unable to knock out the enemy
nest from his original position, Pfc. Lindstrom picked up his own heavy
machinegun and staggered 15 yards up the barren, rocky hillside to a new
position, completely ignoring enemy small arms fire which was striking all
around him. From this new site, only 10 yards from the enemy machinegun, he
engaged it in an intense duel. Realizing that he could not hit the hostile
gunners because they were behind a large rock, he charged uphill under a steady
stream of fire, killed both gunners with his pistol and dragged their gun down
to his own men, directing them to employ it against the enemy. Disregarding
heavy rifle fire, he returned to the enemy machinegun nest for 2 boxes of
ammunition, came back and resumed withering fire from his own gun. His
spectacular performance completely broke up the German counterattack. Pfc.
Lindstrom demonstrated aggressive spirit and complete fearlessness in the face
of almost certain death.
Maxwell, Robert D.
Rank and organization: Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, 7th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Besancon, France, 7 September 1944.
Entered service at: Larimer County, Colo. Birth: Boise, Idaho. G.O. No.: 24, 6
April 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life
above and beyond the call of duty on 7 September 1944, near Besancon, France.
Technician 5th Grade Maxwell and 3 other soldiers, armed only with .45 caliber
automatic pistols, defended the battalion observation post against an
overwhelming onslaught by enemy infantrymen in approximately platoon strength,
supported by 20mm. flak and machinegun fire, who had infiltrated through the
battalion's forward companies and were attacking the observation post with
machinegun, machine pistol, and grenade fire at ranges as close as 10 yards.
Despite a hail of fire from automatic weapons and grenade launchers, Technician
5th Grade Maxwell aggressively fought off advancing enemy elements and, by his
calmness, tenacity, and fortitude, inspired his fellows to continue the unequal
struggle. When an enemy hand grenade was thrown in the midst of his squad,
Technician 5th Grade Maxwell unhesitatingly hurled himself squarely upon it,
using his blanket and his unprotected body to absorb the full force of the
explosion. This act of instantaneous heroism permanently maimed Technician 5th
Grade Maxwell, but saved the lives of his comrades in arms and facilitated
maintenance of vital military communications during the temporary withdrawal of
the battalion's forward headquarters.
Merrell, Joseph F.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company I, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry
Division. Place and date: Near Lohe, Germany, 18 April 1945. Entered service at:
Staten Island, N.Y. Birth: Staten Island, N.Y. G.O. No.: 21, 26 February 1946.
Citation: He made a gallant, 1-man attack against vastly superior enemy forces
near Lohe, Germany. His unit, attempting a quick conquest of hostile hill
positions that would open the route to Nuremberg before the enemy could organize
his defense of that city, was pinned down by brutal fire from rifles, machine
pistols, and 2 heavy machineguns. Entirely on his own initiative, Pvt. Merrell
began a single-handed assault. He ran 100 yards through concentrated fire,
barely escaping death at each stride, and at pointblank range engaged 4 German
machine pistolmen with his rifle, killing all of them while their bullets ripped
his uniform. As he started forward again, his rifle was smashed by a sniper's
bullet, leaving him armed only with 3 grenades. But he did not hesitate. He
zigzagged 200 yards through a hail of bullets to within 10 yards of the first
machinegun, where he hurled 2 grenades and then rushed the position ready to
fight with his bare hands if necessary. In the emplacement he seized a Luger
pistol and killed what Germans had survived the grenade blast. Rearmed, he
crawled toward the second machinegun located 30 yards away, killing 4 Germans in
camouflaged foxholes on the way, but himself receiving a critical wound in the
abdomen. And yet he went on, staggering, bleeding, disregarding bullets which
tore through the folds of his clothing and glanced off his helmet. He threw his
last grenade into the machinegun nest and stumbled on to wipe out the crew. He
had completed this self-appointed task when a machine pistol burst killed him
instantly. In his spectacular 1-man attack Pvt. Merrell killed 6 Germans in the
first machinegun emplacement, 7 in the next, and an additional 10 infantrymen
who were astride his path to the weapons which would have decimated his unit had
he not assumed the burden of the assault and stormed the enemy positions with
utter fearlessness, intrepidity of the highest order, and a willingness to
sacrifice his own life so that his comrades could go on to victory.
Messerschmidt, Harold O.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company L, 30th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Radden, France, 17 September 1944.
Entered service at: Chester, Pa. Birth: Grier City, Pa. G.O. No.: 71, 17 July
1946. Citation: He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and
beyond the call of duty. Braving machinegun, machine pistol, and rifle fire, he
moved fearlessly and calmly from man to man along his 40-yard squad front,
encouraging each to hold against the overwhelming assault of a fanatical foe
surging up the hillside. Knocked to the ground by a burst from an enemy
automatic weapon, he immediately jumped to his feet, and ignoring his grave
wounds, fired his submachine gun at the enemy that was now upon them, killing 5
and wounding many others before his ammunition was spent. Virtually surrounded
by a frenzied foe and all of his squad now casualties, he elected to fight
alone, using his empty submachine gun as a bludgeon against his assailants.
Spotting 1 of the enemy about to kill a wounded comrade, he felled the German
with a blow of his weapon. Seeing friendly reinforcements running up the hill,
he continued furiously to wield his empty gun against the foe in a new attack,
and it was thus that he made the supreme sacrifice. Sgt. Messerschmidt's
sustained heroism in hand-to-hand combat with superior enemy forces was in
keeping with the highest traditions of the military service .
Mills, James H.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company F, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry
Division. Place and date: Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, 24 May 1944. Entered
service at: Fort Meade, Fla. Birth: Fort Meade, Fla. G.O. No.: 87, 14 November
1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above
and beyond the call of duty. Pvt. Mills, undergoing his baptism of fire,
preceded his platoon down a draw to reach a position from which an attack could
be launched against a heavily fortified strongpoint. After advancing about 300
yards, Pvt. Mills was fired on by a machinegun only S yards distant. He killed
the gunner with 1 shot and forced the surrender of the assistant gunner.
Continuing his advance, he saw a German soldier in a camouflaged position behind
a large bush pulling the pin of a potato-masher grenade. Covering the German
with his rifle, Pvt. Mills forced him to drop the grenade and captured him. When
another enemy soldier attempted to throw a hand grenade into the draw, Pvt.
Mills killed him with 1 shot. Brought under fire by a machinegun, 2 machine
pistols, and 3 rifles at a range of only 50 feet, he charged headlong into the
furious chain of automatic fire shooting his M 1 from the hip. The enemy was
completely demoralized by Pvt. Mills' daring charge, and when he reached a point
within 10 feet of their position, all 6 surrendered. As he neared the end of the
draw, Pvt. Mills was brought under fire by a machinegunner 20 yards distant.
Despite the fact that he had absolutely no cover, Pvt. Mills killed the gunner
with 1 shot. Two enemy soldiers near the machinegunner fired wildly at Pvt.
Mills and then fled. Pvt. Mills fired twice, killing 1 of the enemy. Continuing
on to the position, he captured a fourth soldier. When it became apparent that
an assault on the strongpoint would in all probability cause heavy casualties on
the platoon, Pvt. Mills volunteered to cover the advance down a shallow ditch to
a point within 50 yards of the objective. Standing on the bank in full view of
the enemy less than 100 yards away, he shouted and fired his rifle directly into
the position. His ruse worked exactly as planned. The enemy centered his fire on
Pvt. Mills. Tracers passed within inches of his body, rifle and machine pistol
bullets ricocheted off the rocks at his feet. Yet he stood there firing until
his rifle was empty. Intent on covering the movement of his platoon, Pvt. Mills
jumped into the draw, reloaded his weapon, climbed out again, and continued to
lay down a base of fire. Repeating this action 4 times, he enabled his platoon
to reach the designated spot undiscovered, from which position it assaulted and
overwhelmed the enemy, capturing 22 Germans and taking the objective without
Murphy, Audie L.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company B 1 5th Infantry,
3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Holtzwihr France, 26 January 1945.
Entered service at: Dallas, Tex. Birth: Hunt County, near Kingston, Tex. G.O.
No.. 65, 9 August 1945. Citation 2d Lt. Murphy commanded Company B, which was
attacked by 6 tanks and waves of infantry. 2d Lt. Murphy ordered his men to
withdraw to prepared positions in a woods, while he remained forward at his
command post and continued to give fire directions to the artillery by
telephone. Behind him, to his right, 1 of our tank destroyers received a direct
hit and began to burn. Its crew withdrew to the woods. 2d Lt. Murphy continued
to direct artillery fire which killed large numbers of the advancing enemy
infantry. With the enemy tanks abreast of his position, 2d Lt. Murphy climbed on
the burning tank destroyer, which was in danger of blowing up at any moment, and
employed its .50 caliber machinegun against the enemy. He was alone and exposed
to German fire from 3 sides, but his deadly fire killed dozens of Germans and
caused their infantry attack to waver. The enemy tanks, losing infantry support,
began to fall back. For an hour the Germans tried every available weapon to
eliminate 2d Lt. Murphy, but he continued to hold his position and wiped out a
squad which was trying to creep up unnoticed on his right flank. Germans reached
as close as 10 yards, only to be mowed down by his fire. He received a leg
wound, but ignored it and continued the single-handed fight until his ammunition
was exhausted. He then made his way to his company, refused medical attention,
and organized the company in a counterattack which forced the Germans to
withdraw. His directing of artillery fire wiped out many of the enemy; he killed
or wounded about 50. 2d Lt. Murphy's indomitable courage and his refusal to give
an inch of ground saved his company from possible encirclement and destruction,
and enabled it to hold the woods which had been the enemy's objective.
Murray, Charles P. Jr.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company C, 30th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kaysersberg, France, 16 December 1944.
Entered service at: Wilmington, N.C. Birth: Baltimore, Md. G.O. No.: 63, 1
August 1945. Citation: For commanding Company C, 30th Infantry, displaying
supreme courage and heroic initiative near Kaysersberg, France, on 16 December
1944, while leading a reinforced platoon into enemy territory. Descending into a
valley beneath hilltop positions held by our troops, he observed a force of 200
Germans pouring deadly mortar, bazooka, machinegun, and small arms fire into an
American battalion occupying the crest of the ridge. The enemy's position in a
sunken road, though hidden from the ridge, was open to a flank attack by 1st Lt.
Murray's patrol but he hesitated to commit so small a force to battle with the
superior and strongly disposed enemy. Crawling out ahead of his troops to a
vantage point, he called by radio for artillery fire. His shells bracketed the
German force, but when he was about to correct the range his radio went dead. He
returned to his patrol, secured grenades and a rifle to launch them and went
back to his self-appointed outpost. His first shots disclosed his position; the
enemy directed heavy fire against him as he methodically fired his missiles into
the narrow defile. Again he returned to his patrol. With an automatic rifle and
ammunition, he once more moved to his exposed position. Burst after burst he
fired into the enemy, killing 20, wounding many others, and completely
disorganizing its ranks, which began to withdraw. He prevented the removal of 3
German mortars by knocking out a truck. By that time a mortar had been brought
to his support. 1st Lt. Murray directed fire of this weapon, causing further
casualties and confusion in the German ranks. Calling on his patrol to follow,
he then moved out toward his original objective, possession of a bridge and
construction of a roadblock. He captured 10 Germans in foxholes. An eleventh,
while pretending to surrender, threw a grenade which knocked him to the ground,
inflicting 8 wounds. Though suffering and bleeding profusely, he refused to
return to the rear until he had chosen the spot for the block and had seen his
men correctly deployed. By his single-handed attack on an overwhelming force and
by his intrepid and heroic fighting, 1st Lt. Murray stopped a counterattack,
established an advance position against formidable odds, and provided an
inspiring example for the men of his command.
Olson, Arlo L.
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 1 5th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division.
Place and date: Crossing of the Volturno River, Italy, 13 October 1943. Entered
service at: Toronto, S. Dak. Birth: Greenville, lowa. G.O. No.: 71, 31 August
1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his
life above and beyond the call of duty. On 13 October 1943, when the drive
across the Volturno River began, Capt. Olson and his company spearheaded the
advance of the regiment through 30 miles of mountainous enemy territory in 13
days. Placing himself at the head of his men, Capt. Olson waded into the
chest-deep water of the raging Volturno River and despite pointblank machine-gun
fire aimed directly at him made his way to the opposite bank and threw 2
handgrenades into the gun position, killing the crew. When an enemy machinegun
150 yards distant opened fire on his company, Capt. Olson advanced upon the
position in a slow, deliberate walk. Although 5 German soldiers threw
handgrenades at him from a range of 5 yards, Capt. Olson dispatched them all,
picked up a machine pistol and continued toward the enemy. Advancing to within
15 yards of the position he shot it out with the foe, killing 9 and seizing the
post. Throughout the next 13 days Capt. Olson led combat patrols, acted as
company No. 1 scout and maintained unbroken contact with the enemy. On 27
October 1943, Capt. Olson conducted a platoon in attack on a strongpoint,
crawling to within 25 yards of the enemy and then charging the position. Despite
continuous machinegun fire which barely missed him, Capt. Olson made his way to
the gun and killed the crew with his pistol. When the men saw their leader make
this desperate attack they followed him and overran the position. Continuing the
advance, Capt. Olson led his company to the next objective at the summit of
Monte San Nicola. Although the company to his right was forced to take cover
from the furious automatic and small arms fire, which was directed upon him and
his men with equal intensity, Capt. Olson waved his company into a skirmish line
and despite the fire of a machinegun which singled him out as its sole target
led the assault which drove the enemy away. While making a reconnaissance for
defensive positions, Capt. Olson was fatally wounded. Ignoring his severe pain,
this intrepid officer completed his reconnaissance, Supervised the location of
his men in the best defense positions, refused medical aid until all of his men
had been cared for, and died as he was being carried down the mountain.
Olson, Truman O.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry
Division. Place and date: Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, 30-31 January 1944.
Entered service at: Cambridge, Wis. Birth: Christiana, Wis. G.O. No.: 6, 24
January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and
beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Olson, a light machine gunner, elected to
sacrifice his life to save his company from annihilation. On the night of 30
January 1944, after a 16-hour assault on entrenched enemy positions in the
course of which over one-third of Company B became casualties, the survivors dug
in behind a horseshoe elevation, placing Sgt. Olson and his crew, with the 1
available machinegun, forward of their lines and in an exposed position to bear
the brunt of the expected German counterattack. Although he had been fighting
without respite, Sgt. Olson stuck grimly to his post all night while his guncrew
was cut down, 1 by 1, by accurate and overwhelming enemy fire. Weary from over
24 hours of continuous battle and suffering from an arm wound, received during
the night engagement, Sgt. Olson manned his gun alone, meeting the full force of
an all-out enemy assault by approximately 200 men supported by mortar and
machinegun fire which the Germans launched at daybreak on the morning of 31
January. After 30 minutes of fighting, Sgt. Olson was mortally wounded, yet,
knowing that only his weapons stood between his company and complete
destruction, he refused evacuation. For an hour and a half after receiving his
second and fatal wound he continued to fire his machinegun, killing at least 20
of the enemy, wounding many more, and forcing the assaulting German elements to
Peden, Forrest E.
Rank and organization: Technician 5th Grade, U.S. Army, Battery C, 10th Field
Artillery Battalion, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Biesheim,
France, 3 February 1945. Entered service at: Wathena, Kans. Birth: St. Joseph,
Mo. G.O. No.: 18, 13 February 1946. Citation: He was a forward artillery
observer when the group of about 45 infantrymen with whom he was advancing was
ambushed in the uncertain light of a waning moon. Enemy forces outnumbering the
Americans by 4 to 1 poured withering artillery, mortar, machinegun, and
small-arms fire into the stricken unit from the flanks, forcing our men to seek
the cover of a ditch which they found already occupied by enemy foot troops. As
the opposing infantrymen struggled in hand-to-hand combat, Technician Peden
courageously went to the assistance of 2 wounded soldiers and rendered first aid
under heavy fire. With radio communications inoperative, he realized that the
unit would be wiped out unless help could be secured from the rear. On his own
initiative, he ran 800 yards to the battalion command post through a hail of
bullets which pierced his jacket and there secured 2 light tanks to go to the
relief of his hard-pressed comrades. Knowing the terrible risk involved, he
climbed upon the hull of the lead tank and guided it into battle. Through a
murderous concentration of fire the tank lumbered onward, bullets and shell
fragments ricocheting from its steel armor within inches of the completely
exposed rider, until it reached the ditch. As it was about to go into action it
was turned into a flaming pyre by a direct hit which killed Technician Peden.
However, his intrepidity and gallant sacrifice was not in vain. Attracted by the
light from the burning tank, reinforcements found the beleaguered Americans and
drove off the enemy.
Ross, Wilburn K.
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company G, 350th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near St. Jacques, France, 30 October 1944.
Entered service at: Strunk, Ky. Birth: Strunk, Ky. G.O. No.: 30, 14 April 1945.
Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and
beyond the call of duty near St. Jacques, France. At 11:30 a.m. on 30 October
1944, after his company had lost 55 out of 88 men in an attack on an entrenched.
full-strength German company of elite mountain troops, Pvt. Ross placed his
light machinegun 10 yards in advance of the foremost supporting riflemen in
order to absorb the initial impact of an enemy counterattack. With machinegun
and small-arms fire striking the earth near him, he fired with deadly effect on
the assaulting force and repelled it. Despite the hail of automatic fire and the
explosion of rifle grenades within a stone's throw of his position, he continued
to man his machinegun alone, holding off 6 more German attacks. When the eighth
assault was launched, most of his supporting riflemen were out of ammunition.
They took positions in echelon behind Pvt. Ross and crawled up, during the
attack, to extract a few rounds of ammunition from his machinegun ammunition
belt. Pvt. Ross fought on virtually without assistance and, despite the fact
that enemy grenadiers crawled to within 4 yards of his position in an effort to
kill him with handgrenades, he again directed accurate and deadly fire on the
hostile force and hurled it back. After expending his last rounds, Pvt. Ross was
advised to withdraw to the company command post, together with 8 surviving
riflemen, but, as more ammunition was expected, he declined to do so. The
Germans launched their last all-out attack, converging their fire on Pvt. Ross
in a desperate attempt to destroy the machinegun which stood between them and a
decisive breakthrough. As his supporting riflemen fixed bayonets for a
last-ditch stand, fresh ammunition arrived and was brought to Pvt. Ross just as
the advance assault elements were about to swarm over his position. He opened
murderous fire on the oncoming enemy; killed 40 and wounded 10 of the attacking
force; broke the assault single-handedly, and forced the Germans to withdraw.
Having killed or wounded at least 58 Germans in more than 5 hours of continuous
combat and saved the remnants of his company from destruction, Pvt. Ross
remained at his post that night and the following day for a total of 36 hours.
His actions throughout this engagement were an inspiration to his comrades and
maintained the high traditions of the military service.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, 3d Infantry Division.
Place and date: Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, 23-24 May 1944. Entered
service at: Scobey, Mont. Born: 9 October 1918, Clinton, Okla. G.O. No.: 83, 27
October 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of
life above and beyond the call of duty. On 23 May 1944, at 12 noon, Pfc. (now
T/Sgt.) Schauer left the cover of a ditch to engage 4 German snipers who opened
fire on the patrol from its rear. Standing erect he walked deliberately 30 yards
toward the enemy, stopped amid the fire from 4 rifles centered on him, and with
4 bursts from his BAR, each at a different range, killed all of the snipers.
Catching sight of a fifth sniper waiting for the patrol behind a house chimney,
Pfc. Schauer brought him down with another burst. Shortly after, when a heavy
enemy artillery concentration and 2 machineguns temporarily halted the patrol,
Pfc. Schauer again left cover to engage the enemy weapons single-handed. While
shells exploded within 15 yards, showering dirt over him, and strings of grazing
German tracer bullets whipped past him at chest level, Pfc. Schauer knelt,
killed the 2 gunners of the machinegun only 60 yards from him with a single
burst from his BAR, and crumpled 2 other enemy soldiers who ran to man the gun.
Inserting a fresh magazine in his BAR, Pfc. Schauer shifted his body to fire at
the other weapon 500 yards distant and emptied his weapon into the enemy crew,
killing all 4 Germans. Next morning, when shells from a German Mark VI tank and
a machinegun only 100 yards distant again forced the patrol to seek cover, Pfc.
Schauer crawled toward the enemy machinegun. stood upright only 80 yards from
the weapon as its bullets cut the surrounding ground, and 4 tank shells fired
directly at him burst within 20 yards. Raising his BAR to his shoulder, Pfc.
Schauer killed the 4 members of the German machinegun crew with 1 burst of fire.
Squires, John C.
Rank and organization: Sergeant (then Private First Class), U.S. Army, Company
A, 30th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Padiglione, Italy,
23-24 April 1944. Entered service at: Louisville, Ky. Birth: Louisville, Ky. G.O.
No.: 78, 2 October 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at
risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. At the start of his company's
attack on strongly held enemy positions in and around Spaccasassi Creek, near
Padiglione, Italy, on the night of 23-24 April 1944, Pfc. Squires, platoon
messenger, participating in his first offensive action, braved intense
artillery, mortar, and antitank gun fire in order to investigate the effects of
an antitank mine explosion on the leading platoon. Despite shells which burst
close to him, Pfc. Squires made his way 50 yards forward to the advance element,
noted the situation, reconnoitered a new route of advance and informed his
platoon leader of the casualties sustained and the alternate route. Acting
without orders, he rounded up stragglers, organized a group of lost men into a
squad and led them forward. When the platoon reached Spaccasassi Creek and
established an outpost, Pfc. Squires, knowing that almost all of the
noncommissioned officers were casualties, placed 8 men in position of his own
volition, disregarding enemy machinegun, machine-pistol, and grenade fire which
covered the creek draw. When his platoon had been reduced to 14 men, he brought
up reinforcements twice. On each trip he went through barbed wire and across an
enemy minefield, under intense artillery and mortar fire. Three times in the
early morning the outpost was counterattacked. Each time Pfc. Squires ignored
withering enemy automatic fire and grenades which struck all around him, and
fired hundreds of rounds of rifle, Browning automatic rifle, and captured German
Spandau machinegun ammunition at the enemy, inflicting numerous casualties and
materially aiding in repulsing the attacks. Following these fights, he moved 50
yards to the south end of the outpost and engaged 21 German soldiers in
individual machinegun duels at point-blank range, forcing all 21 enemy to
surrender and capturing 13 more Spandau guns. Learning the function of this
weapon by questioning a German officer prisoner, he placed the captured guns in
position and instructed other members of his platoon in their operation. The
next night when the Germans attacked the outpost again he killed 3 and wounded
more Germans with captured potato-masher grenades and fire from his Spandau gun.
Pfc. Squires was killed in a subsequent action.
Tominac, John J.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company I, 15th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Saulx de Vesoul, France, 12 September 1944.
Entered service at: Conemaugh, Pa. Birth: Conemaugh, Pa. G.O. No.: 20, 29 March
1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above
and beyond the call of duty on 12 September 1944, in an attack on Saulx de
Vesoul, France 1st Lt. Tominac charged alone over 50 yards of exposed terrain
onto an enemy roadblock to dispatch a 3-man crew of German machine gunners with
a single burst from his Thompson machinegun after smashing the enemy outpost, he
led 1 of his squads in the annihilation of a second hostile group defended by
mortar, machinegun automatic pistol, rifle and grenade fire, killing about 30 of
the enemy. Reaching the suburbs of the town, he advanced 50 yards ahead of his
men to reconnoiter a third enemy position which commanded the road with a 77-mm.
SP gun supported by infantry elements. The SP gun opened fire on his supporting
tank, setting it afire with a direct hit. A fragment from the same shell
painfully wounded 1st Lt. Tominac in the shoulder, knocking him to the ground.
As the crew abandoned the M-4 tank, which was rolling down hill toward the
enemy, 1st Lt. Tominac picked himself up and jumped onto the hull of the burning
vehicle. Despite withering enemy machinegun, mortar, pistol, and sniper fire,
which was ricocheting off the hull and turret of the M-4, 1st Lt. Tominac
climbed to the turret and gripped the 50-caliber antiaircraft machinegun.
Plainly silhouetted against the sky, painfully wounded, and with the tank
burning beneath his feet, he directed bursts of machinegun fire on the
roadblock, the SP gun, and the supporting German infantrymen, and forced the
enemy to withdraw from his prepared position. Jumping off the tank before it
exploded, 1st Lt. Tominac refused evacuation despite his painful wound. Calling
upon a sergeant to extract the shell fragments from his shoulder with a
pocketknife, he continued to direct the assault, led his squad in a hand grenade
attack against a fortified position occupied by 32 of the enemy armed with
machineguns, machine pistols, and rifles, and compelled them to surrender. His
outstanding heroism and exemplary leadership resulted in the destruction of 4
successive enemy defensive positions, surrender of a vital sector of the city
Saulx de Vesoul, and the death or capture of at least 60 of the enemy.
Valdez, Jose F.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company B, 7th Infantry,
3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Rosenkrantz, France, 25 January 1945.
Entered service at: Pleasant Grove, Utah. Birth: Governador, N. Mex. G. O. No.:
16, 8 February 1946. Citation: He was on outpost duty with 5 others when the
enemy counterattacked with overwhelming strength. From his position near some
woods 500 yards beyond the American lines he observed a hostile tank about 75
yards away, and raked it with automatic rifle fire until it withdrew. Soon
afterward he saw 3 Germans stealthily approaching through the woods. Scorning
cover as the enemy soldiers opened up with heavy automatic weapons fire from a
range of 30 yards, he engaged in a fire fight with the attackers until he had
killed all 3. The enemy quickly launched an attack with 2 full companies of
infantrymen, blasting the patrol with murderous concentrations of automatic and
rifle fire and beginning an encircling movement which forced the patrol leader
to order a withdrawal. Despite the terrible odds, Pfc. Valdez immediately
volunteered to cover the maneuver, and as the patrol 1 by 1 plunged through a
hail of bullets toward the American lines, he fired burst after burst into the
swarming enemy. Three of his companions were wounded in their dash for safety
and he was struck by a bullet that entered his stomach and, passing through his
body, emerged from his back. Overcoming agonizing pain, he regained control of
himself and resumed his firing position, delivering a protective screen of
bullets until all others of the patrol were safe. By field telephone he called
for artillery and mortar fire on the Germans and corrected the range until he
had shells falling within 50 yards of his position. For 15 minutes he refused to
be dislodged by more than 200 of the enemy; then, seeing that the barrage had
broken the counter attack, he dragged himself back to his own lines. He died
later as a result of his wounds. Through his valiant, intrepid stand and at the
cost of his own life, Pfc. Valdez made it possible for his comrades to escape,
and was directly responsible for repulsing an attack by vastly superior enemy
Ware, Keith L.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S . Army, 1st Battalion, 1 5th
Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Sigolsheim, France, 26
December 1944. Entered service at: Glendale, Calif. Born: 23 November 1915,
Denver, Colo. G.O. No.: 47, 18 June 1945. Citation: Commanding the 1st Battalion
attacking a strongly held enemy position on a hill near Sigolsheim, France, on
26 December 1944, found that 1 of his assault companies had been stopped and
forced to dig in by a concentration of enemy artillery, mortar, and machinegun
fire. The company had suffered casualties in attempting to take the hill.
Realizing that his men must be inspired to new courage, Lt. Col. Ware went
forward 150 yards beyond the most forward elements of his command, and for 2
hours reconnoitered the enemy positions, deliberately drawing fire upon himself
which caused the enemy to disclose his dispositions. Returning to his company,
he armed himself with an automatic rifle and boldly advanced upon the enemy,
followed by 2 officers, 9 enlisted men, and a tank. Approaching an enemy
machinegun, Lt. Col. Ware shot 2 German riflemen and fired tracers into the
emplacement, indicating its position to his tank, which promptly knocked the gun
out of action. Lt. Col. Ware turned his attention to a second machinegun,
killing 2 of its supporting riflemen and forcing the others to surrender. The
tank destroyed the gun. Having expended the ammunition for the automatic rifle,
Lt. Col. Ware took up an Ml rifle, killed a German rifleman, and fired upon a
third machinegun 50 yards away. His tank silenced the gun. Upon his approach to
a fourth machinegun, its supporting riflemen surrendered and his tank disposed
of the gun. During this action Lt. Col. Ware's small assault group was fully
engaged in attacking enemy positions that were not receiving his direct and
personal attention. Five of his party of 11 were casualties and Lt. Col. Ware
was wounded but refused medical attention until this important hill position was
cleared of the enemy and securely occupied by his command.
Waybur, David C.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 3d Reconnaissance Troop, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Agrigento, Sicily, 17 July 1943. Entered
service at: Piedmont, Calif. Birth: Oakland, Calif. G.O. No.: 69, 21 October
1943. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life
above and beyond the call of duty in action involving actual conflict with the
enemy. Commander of a reconnaissance platoon, 1st Lt. Waybur volunteered to lead
a 3-vehicle patrol into enemy-held territory to locate an isolated Ranger unit.
Proceeding under cover of darkness, over roads known to be heavily mined, and
strongly defended by road blocks and machinegun positions, the patrol's progress
was halted at a bridge which had been destroyed by enemy troops and was suddenly
cut off from its supporting vehicles by 4 enemy tanks. Although hopelessly
outnumbered and out-gunned, and himself and his men completely exposed, he
quickly dispersed his vehicles and ordered his gunners to open fire with their
.30 and .50 caliber machineguns. Then, with ammunition exhausted, 3 of his men
hit and himself seriously wounded, he seized his .45 caliber Thompson
submachinegun and standing in the bright moonlight directly in the line of fire,
alone engaged the leading tank at 30 yards and succeeded in killing the
crewmembers, causing the tank to run onto the bridge and crash into the stream
bed. After dispatching 1 of the men for aid he rallied the rest to cover and
withstood the continued fire of the tanks till the arrival of aid the following
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company L, 15th Infantry, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Sigolsheim, France, 27 December 1944. Entered
service at: Georgetown, Tex. Birth: Florence, Tex. G.O. No.: 79, 14 September
1945. Citation: While leading his platoon on 27 December 1944, in savage
house-to-house fighting through the fortress town of Sigolsheim, France, he
attacked a building through a street swept by withering mortar and automatic
weapons fire. He was hit and severely wounded in the arm and shoulder; but he
charged into the house alone and killed its 2 defenders. Hurling smoke and
fragmentation grenades before him, he reached the next house and stormed inside,
killing 2 and capturing 11 of the enemy. He continued leading his platoon in the
extremely dangerous task of clearing hostile troops from strong points along the
street until he reached a building held by fanatical Nazi troops. Although
suffering from wounds which had rendered his left arm useless, he advanced on
this strongly defended house, and after blasting out a wall with bazooka fire,
charged through a hail of bullets. Wedging his submachinegun under his uninjured
arm, he rushed into the house through the hole torn by his rockets, killed 5 of
the enemy and forced the remaining 12 to surrender. As he emerged to continue
his fearless attack, he was again hit and critically wounded. In agony and with
1 eye pierced by a shell fragment, he shouted for his men to follow him to the
next house. He was determined to stay in the fighting, and remained at the head
of his platoon until forcibly evacuated. By his disregard for personal safety,
his aggressiveness while suffering from severe wounds, his determined leadership
and superb courage, 1st Lt. Whiteley killed 9 Germans, captured 23 more and
spearheaded an attack which cracked the core of enemy resistance in a vital
Bennett, Emory L.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company B, 15th Infantry
Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Sobangsan, Korea, 24 June
1951. Entered service at: Cocoa, Fla. Born: 20 December 1929, New Smyrna Beach,
Fla. G.O. No.: 11, 1 February 1952. Citation: Pfc. Bennett a member of Company
B, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of
his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of
the United Nations. At approximately 0200 hours, 2 enemy battalions swarmed up
the ridge line in a ferocious banzai charge in an attempt to dislodge Pfc.
Bennett's company from its defensive positions. Meeting the challenge, the
gallant defenders delivered destructive retaliation, but the enemy pressed the
assault with fanatical determination and the integrity of the perimeter was
imperiled. Fully aware of the odds against him, Pfc. Bennett unhesitatingly left
his foxhole, moved through withering fire, stood within full view of the enemy,
and, employing his automatic rifle, poured crippling fire into the ranks of the
onrushing assailants, inflicting numerous casualties. Although wounded, Pfc.
Bennett gallantly maintained his l-man defense and the attack was momentarily
halted. During this lull in battle, the company regrouped for counterattack, but
the numerically superior foe soon infiltrated into the position. Upon orders to
move back, Pfc. Bennett voluntarily remained to provide covering fire for the
withdrawing elements, and, defying the enemy, continued to sweep the charging
foe with devastating fire until mortally wounded. His willing self-sacrifice and
intrepid actions saved the position from being overrun and enabled the company
to effect an orderly withdrawal. Pfc. Bennett's unflinching courage and
consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and the military
Crump, Jerry K.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company L, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chorwon, Korea, 6 and 7 September 1951.
Entered service at: Forest City, N.C. Born: 18 February 1933, Charlotte, N.C.
G.O. No.: 68, 11 July 1952. Citation. Cpl. Crump, a member of Company L,
distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and
beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. During the night a
numerically superior hostile force launched an assault against his platoon on
Hill 284, overrunning friendly positions and swarming into the sector. Cpl.
Crump repeatedly exposed himself to deliver effective fire into the ranks of the
assailants, inflicting numerous casualties. Observing 2 enemy soldiers
endeavoring to capture a friendly machine gun, he charged and killed both with
his bayonet, regaining control of the weapon. Returning to his position, now
occupied by 4 of his wounded comrades, he continued his accurate fire into enemy
troops surrounding his emplacement. When a hostile soldier hurled a grenade into
the position, Cpl. Crump immediately flung himself over the missile, absorbing
the blast with his body and saving his comrades from death or serious injury.
His aggressive actions had so inspired his comrades that a spirited
counterattack drove the enemy from the perimeter. Cpl. Crump's heroic devotion
to duty, indomitable fighting spirit, and willingness to sacrifice himself to
save his comrades reflect the highest credit upon himself, the infantry and the
Essebagger, John Jr.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company A, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Popsudong, Korea, 25 April 1951. Entered
service at: Holland, Mich. Born: 29 October 1928, Holland, Mich. G.O. No.: 61,
24 April 1952. Citation: Cpl. Essebagger, a member of Company A, distinguished
himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the
call of duty in action against the enemy. Committed to effect a delaying action
to cover the 3d Battalion's withdrawal through Company A, Cpl. Essebagger, a
member of 1 of 2 squads maintaining defensive positions in key terrain and
defending the company's right flank, had participated in repulsing numerous
attacks. In a frenzied banzai charge the numerically superior enemy seriously
threatened the security of the planned route of withdrawal and isolation of the
small force. Badly shaken, the grossly outnumbered detachment started to fall
back and Cpl. Essebagger, realizing the impending danger, voluntarily remained
to provide security for the withdrawal. Gallantly maintaining a l-man stand,
Cpl. Essebagger raked the menacing hordes with crippling fire and, with the foe
closing on the position, left the comparative safety of his shelter and advanced
in the face of overwhelming odds, firing his weapon and hurling grenades to
disconcert the enemy and afford time for displacement of friendly elements to
more tenable positions. Scorning the withering fire and bursting shells, Cpl.
Essebagger continued to move forward, inflicting destruction upon the fanatical
foe until he was mortally wounded. Cpl. Essebagger's intrepid action and supreme
sacrifice exacted a heavy toll in enemy dead and wounded, stemmed the onslaught,
and enabled the retiring squads to reach safety. His valorous conduct and
devotion to duty reflected lasting glory upon himself and was in keeping with
the noblest traditions of the infantry and the U.S. Army.
Gilliland, Charles L.
Rank and organization: Corporal (then Pfc.), U.S. Army, Company I, 7th Infantry
Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Tongmang-ni, Korea, 25
April 1951. Entered service at: Yellville (Marion County), Ark. Born: 24 May
1933, Mountain Home, Ark. G.O. No.: 2, 11 January 1955. Citation: Cpl.
Gilliland, a member of Company I, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry
and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the
enemy. A numerically superior hostile force launched a coordinated assault
against his company perimeter, the brunt of which was directed up a defile
covered by his automatic rifle. His assistant was killed by enemy fire but Cpl.
Gilliland, facing the full force of the assault, poured a steady fire into the
foe which stemmed the onslaught. When 2 enemy soldiers escaped his raking fire
and infiltrated the sector, he leaped from his foxhole, overtook and killed them
both with his pistol. Sustaining a serious head wound in this daring exploit, he
refused medical attention and returned to his emplacement to continue his
defense of the vital defile. His unit was ordered back to new defensive
positions but Cpl. Gilliland volunteered to remain to cover the withdrawal and
hold the enemy at bay. His heroic actions and indomitable devotion to duty
prevented the enemy from completely overrunning his company positions. Cpl.
Gilliland's incredible valor and supreme sacrifice reflect lasting glory upon
himself and are in keeping with the honored traditions of the military service.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment.
Place and date: Near Popsu-dong, Korea, 24 and 25 April 1951. Entered service
at: Burnham, Maine. Born: 18 September 1929, Fort Kent, Maine. G.O. No.: 14, 1
February 1952. Citation: Cpl. Goodblood, a member of Company D, distinguished
himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above
and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United
Nations. Cpl. Goodblood, a machine gunner, was attached to Company B in
defensive positions on thickly wooded key terrain under attack by a ruthless
foe. In bitter fighting which ensued, the numerically superior enemy infiltrated
the perimeter, rendering the friendly positions untenable. Upon order to move
back, Cpl. Goodblood voluntarily remained to cover the withdrawal and,
constantly vulnerable to heavy fire, inflicted withering destruction on the
assaulting force. Seeing a grenade lobbed at his , he shoved his assistant to
the ground and flinging himself upon the soldier attempted to shield him.
Despite his valorous act both men were wounded. Rejecting aid for himself, he
ordered the ammunition bearer to evacuate the injured man for medical treatment.
He fearlessly maintained his l-man defense, sweeping the onrushing assailants
with fire until an enemy banzai charge carried the hill and silenced his gun.
When friendly elements regained the commanding ground, Cpl. Goodblood's body was
found Iying beside his gun and approximately 100 hostile dead lay in the wake of
his field of fire. Through his unflinching courage and willing self-sacrifice
the onslaught was retarded, enabling his unit to withdraw, regroup, and resecure
the strongpoint. Cpl. Goodblood's inspirational conduct and devotion to duty
reflect lasting glory on himself and are in keeping with the noble traditions of
the military service.
Knight, Noah O.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company F, 7th Infantry
Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kowang-San, Korea, 23 and
24 November 1951. Entered service at: Jefferson, S.C. Born: 27 October 1929,
Chesterfield County, S.C. G.O. No.: 2, 7 January 1953. Citation: Pfc. Knight, a
member of Company F, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and
indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the
enemy. He occupied a key position in the defense perimeter when waves of enemy
troops passed through their own artillery and mortar concentrations and charged
the company position. Two direct hits from an enemy emplacement demolished his
bunker and wounded him. Disregarding personal safety, he moved to a shallow
depression for a better firing vantage. Unable to deliver effective fire from
his defilade position, he left his shelter, moved through heavy fire in full
view of the enemy and, firing into the ranks of the relentless assailants,
inflicted numerous casualties, momentarily stemming the attack. Later during
another vicious onslaught, he observed an enemy squad infiltrating the position
and, counterattacking, killed or wounded the entire group. Expending the last of
his ammunition, he discovered 3 enemy soldiers entering the friendly position
with demolition charges. Realizing the explosives would enable the enemy to
exploit the breach, he fearlessly rushed forward and disabled 2 assailants with
the butt of his rifle when the third exploded a demolition charge killing the 3
enemy soldiers and mortally wounding Pfc. Knight. Pfc. Knight's supreme
sacrifice and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and
uphold the noble traditions of the military service.
Kyle, Darwin K.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company K, 7th Infantry
Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kamil-ni, Korea, 16
February 1951. Entered service at: Racine, W. Va. Born: 1 June 1918, Jenkins,
Ky. G.O. No.: 17, 1 February 1952. Citation: 2d Lt. Kyle, distinguished himself
by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in
action against the enemy. When his platoon had been pinned down by intense fire,
he completely exposed himself to move among and encourage his men to continue
the advance against enemy forces strongly entrenched on Hill 185. Inspired by
his courageous leadership, the platoon resumed the advance but was again pinned
down when an enemy machine gun opened fire, wounding 6 of the men. 2d Lt. Kyle
immediately charged the hostile emplacement alone, engaged the crew in
hand-to-hand combat, killing all 3. Continuing on toward the objective, his
platoon suddenly received an intense automatic-weapons fire from a
well-concealed hostile position on its right flank. Again leading his men in a
daring bayonet charge against this position, firing his carbine and throwing
grenades, 2d Lt. Kyle personally destroyed 4 of the enemy before he was killed
by a burst from an enemy submachinegun. The extraordinary heroism and
outstanding leadership of 2d Lt. Kyle, and his gallant self-sacrifice, reflect
the highest credit upon himself and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions
of the military service.
Mendonca, Leroy A.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d
Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chich-on, Korea, 4 July 1951. Entered
service at: Honolulu, T.H. Birth: Honolulu, T.H. G.O. No.: 83, 3 September 1952.
Citation: Sgt. LeRoy A. Mendonca, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry
above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. After his
platoon, in an exhaustive fight, had captured Hill 586, the newly won positions
were assaulted during the night by a numerically superior enemy force. When the
1st Platoon positions were outflanked and under great pressure and the platoon
was ordered to withdraw to a secondary line of defense, Sgt. Mendonca
voluntarily remained in an exposed position and covered the platoon's
withdrawal. Although under murderous enemy fire, he fired his weapon and hurled
grenades at the onrushing enemy until his supply of ammunition was exhausted. He
fought on, clubbing with his rifle and using his bayonet until he was mortally
wounded. After the action it was estimated that Sgt. Mendonca had accounted for
37 enemy casualties. His daring actions stalled the crushing assault, protecting
the platoon's withdrawal to secondary positions, and enabling the entire unit to
repel the enemy attack and retain possession of the vital hilltop position. Sgt.
Mendonca's extraordinary gallantry and exemplary valor are in keeping with the
highest traditions of the U.S. Army.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company H, 7th Infantry Regiment,
3rd Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Taejon-ni, Korea, 24 and 25 April
1951. Entered service at: Gallup, N. Mex. Birth: Gallup, N. Mex. G.O. No.: 85, 4
November 1953. Citation: Cpl. Miyamura, a member of Company H, distinguished
himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of
duty in action against the enemy. On the night of 24 April, Company H was
occupying a defensive position when the enemy fanatically attacked threatening
to overrun the position. Cpl. Miyamura, a machinegun squad leader, aware of the
imminent danger to his men unhesitatingly jumped from his shelter wielding his
bayonet in close hand-to-hand combat killing approximately 10 of the enemy.
Returning to his position, he administered first aid to the wounded and directed
their evacuation. As another savage assault hit the line, he manned his
machinegun and delivered withering fire until his ammunition was expended. He
ordered the squad to withdraw while he stayed behind to render the gun
inoperative. He then bayoneted his way through infiltrated enemy soldiers to a
second gun emplacement and assisted in its operation. When the intensity of the
attack necessitated the withdrawal of the company Cpl. Miyamura ordered his men
to fall back while he remained to cover their movement. He killed more than 50
of the enemy before his ammunition was depleted and he was severely wounded. He
maintained his magnificent stand despite his painful wounds, continuing to repel
the attack until his position was overrun. When last seen he was fighting
ferociously against an overwhelming number of enemy soldiers. Cpl. Miyamura's
indomitable heroism and consummate devotion to duty reflect the utmost glory on
himself and uphold the illustrious traditions on the military service.
Mize, Ola L.
Rank and organization: Master Sergeant (then Sgt.), U.S. Army, Company K, 15th
Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Surang-ni, Korea,
10 to 11 June 1953. Entered service at: Gadsden, Ala. Born: 28 August 1931,
Marshall County, Ala. G.O. No.: 70, 24 September 1954. Citation: M/Sgt. Mize, a
member of Company K, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and
outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the
enemy. Company K was committed to the defense of "Outpost Harry", a
strategically valuable position, when the enemy launched a heavy attack.
Learning that a comrade on a friendly listening post had been wounded he moved
through the intense barrage, accompanied by a medical aid man, and rescued the
wounded soldier. On returning to the main position he established an effective
defense system and inflicted heavy casualties against attacks from determined
enemy assault forces which had penetrated into trenches within the outpost area.
During his fearless actions he was blown down by artillery and grenade blasts 3
times but each time he dauntlessly returned to his position, tenaciously
fighting and successfully repelling hostile attacks. When enemy onslaughts
ceased he took his few men and moved from bunker to bunker, firing through
apertures and throwing grenades at the foe, neutralizing their positions. When
an enemy soldier stepped out behind a comrade, prepared to fire, M/Sgt. Mize
killed him, saving the life of his fellow soldier. After rejoining the platoon,
moving from man to man, distributing ammunition, and shouting words of
encouragement he observed a friendly machine gun position overrun. He
immediately fought his way to the position, killing 10 of the enemy and
dispersing the remainder. Fighting back to the command post, and finding several
friendly wounded there, he took a position to protect them. Later, securing a
radio, he directed friendly artillery fire upon the attacking enemy's routes of
approach. At dawn he helped regroup for a counterattack which successfully drove
the enemy from the outpost. M/Sgt. Mize's valorous conduct and unflinching
courage reflect lasting glory upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of
the military service.
Pendleton, Charles F.
Rank and organization: Corporal. U.S. Army, Company D, 15th Infantry Regiment,
3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Choo Gung-Dong, Korea, 16 and 17 July
1953. Entered service at: Fort Worth, Tex. Born: 26 September 1931, Camden,
Tenn. Citation: Cpl. Pendleton, a machine gunner with Company D, distinguished
himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the
call of duty in action against the enemy. After consolidating and establishing a
defensive perimeter on a key terrain feature, friendly elements were attacked by
a large hostile force. Cpl. Pendleton delivered deadly accurate fire into the
approaching troops, killing approximately 15 and disorganizing the remainder
with grenades. Unable to protect the flanks because of the narrow confines of
the trench, he removed the machine gun from the tripod and, exposed to enemy
observation, positioned it on his knee to improve his firing vantage. Observing
a hostile infantryman jumping into the position, intent on throwing a grenade at
his comrades, he whirled about and killed the attacker, then inflicted such
heavy casualties on the enemy force that they retreated to regroup. After
reorganizing, a second wave of hostile soldiers moved forward in an attempt to
overrun the position and, later, when a hostile grenade landed nearby, Cpl.
Pendleton quickly retrieved and hurled it back at the foe. Although he was
burned by the hot shells ejecting from his weapon, and he was wounded by a
grenade, he refused evacuation and continued to fire on the assaulting force. As
enemy action increased in tempo, his machine gun was destroyed by a grenade but,
undaunted, he grabbed a carbine and continued his heroic defense until mortally
wounded by a mortar burst. Cpl. Pendleton's unflinching courage, gallant
self-sacrifice, and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory upon
himself and uphold the finest traditions of the military service.
Global War on Terror (Operation Iraqi Freedom)
Smith, Paul Ray
Rank and organization: Sergeant First Class U.S. Army, 11th EngBn, Co B:
Place and date: Near Baghdad International Airport, Baghdad, Iraq on 4 April
Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith distinguished himself by acts of gallantry
and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with an armed enemy
near Baghdad International Airport, Baghdad, Iraq on 4 April 2003. On that day,
Sergeant First Class Smith was engaged in the construction of a prisoner of war
holding area when his Task Force was violently attacked by a company-sized enemy
force. Realizing the vulnerability of over 100 fellow soldiers, Sergeant First
Class Smith quickly organized a hasty defense consisting of two platoons of
soldiers, one Bradley Fighting Vehicle and three armored personnel carriers. As
the fight developed, Sergeant First Class Smith braved hostile enemy fire to
personally engage the enemy with hand grenades and anti-tank weapons, and
organized the evacuation of three wounded soldiers from an armored personnel
carrier struck by a rocket propelled grenade and a 60mm mortar round. Fearing
the enemy would overrun their defenses, Sergeant First Class Smith moved under
withering enemy fire to man a .50 caliber machine gun mounted on a damaged
armored personnel carrier. In total disregard for his own life, he maintained
his exposed position in order to engage the attacking enemy force. During this
action, he was mortally wounded. His courageous actions helped defeat the enemy
attack, and resulted in as many as 50 enemy soldiers killed, while allowing the
safe withdrawal of numerous wounded soldiers. Sergeant First Class Smiths
extraordinary heroism and uncommon valor are in keeping with the highest
traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the
Third Infantry Division Rock of the Marne, and the United States Army.